Phrases

A phrase is a group of words acting as a single part of speech and not containing both a subject and a verb.

It is a part of a sentence, and does not express a complete thought.

Noun Phrases

Noun phrases must have a Noun (or Pronoun) and may or may not have other modifiers

e.g.

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Adjective phrases

An Adjective phrase must consist an adjective (A) and may or may not have an adverb phrase (AdvP)

e.g.

tree diagram tree diagram

Adverb Phrases

Adverb phrases must consist an Adverb (Adv) and may or may not have a degree adverb (deg)

Adverb phrases may be dominated by either a VP, an AP or the sentence.

Adverb phrases that modifies a whole sentence can be moved to different positions in the sentence without altering the meaning or making it ungrammatical.

Sentence adverbs often express an attitude or evaluation (e.g. clearly, frankly, actually …)

e.g.

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Preposition Phrases

Preposition Phrases must consist of a preposition (P) and may or may not include an NP

e.g.

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Verb phrases

Verb phrases must consist a verb and may or may not have other phrases within it

e.g.

tree diagram tree diagram

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